Pregnancy and Dental Health
Pregnancy is an exciting time; however it is also a challenging time in terms of health. Changes in hormones mean many women face various health issues including oral health issues, but as with other issues these can be managed effectively. How you look after your teeth and gums now can affect your baby’s health as well as your own.
Whether you are pregnant or not, everyone should maintain good oral hygiene. It is important to have a daily routine of care established so you have a good foundation.
Brush twice a day with a soft toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Use dental floss to clean between the teeth where a toothbrush can’t reach. Just these simple steps will ensure that plaque, bacteria and food remnants do not build up.
When you are pregnant, hormonal changes may lead to an increase in the amount of plaque on your teeth. If plaque isn’t removed, it can cause gingivitis and even gum disease. Symptoms include swelling of the gums.
Some pregnant women suffer from ‘pregnant gingivitis’, with the condition most likely to appear in the second trimester. Here, hormonal changes induce bleeding in the gums despite the best possible hygiene measures. Your dentist can identify this. Gums usually revert to normal after the baby is born.
If not treated by your best dentist in Tijuana, gingivitis can develop into a more severe form of gum disease such as periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection of the gum tissue that supports a person’s tooth, where the bacteria start to move deeper and thrive in the gap between the gum and the tooth causing the attachment of the tooth and its supporting tissue to break down. If identified, this must be treated as a matter of urgency as gum disease had been linked to premature birth and low birth-weight babies.
Mothers-to-be can also directly affect the oral health of their babies. For example, babies begin to develop their teeth and bones in the fourth month of pregnancy. The calcium and phosphorus they need to do this comes from what you eat and, if necessary, from your bones. Your baby will need even more of these minerals when you are seven to nine months pregnant
The best way to obtain these minerals is through the intake of dairy products or, if you are difficulty consuming the recommended amount, your doctor may recommend calcium supplements. The recommended daily intake of calcium for pregnant women is 1,100mg during pregnancy and 1,200mg during breastfeeding. Also speak to your dentist about dental care for your new baby.